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Earl of Essex

Robert Devereux
Earl of Essex
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QUEEN ELIZABETH I

CHRONOLOGY
1591-1603



1591
Essex leads the English expedition to Brittany in an attempt to aid Henry IV.
Increased severity against Recusants.
20 November - Death of Sir Christopher Hatton.
Trinity College is founded by Queen Elizabeth I.

1592
Clement VIII is now Pope.
Plague in London.
The Rose Theatre is opened.

1593
25 July - Henry IV converts to Catholicism.
Further measures taken against recusants.
Plague in London.
1 June - Christopher Marlowe is killed.
Theatres are temporarily closed.

1594
22 March - Henry IV crowned King of France.

Other Events
Beginning of a series of bad harvests.
Cardinal William Allen dies.
Frobisher dies.

1595
2 February - Execution of English Jesuit, Robert Southwell.
Raleigh's voyage to Guiana.
6 January - Ottoman Sultan, Murad III, dies and is succeeded by his son, Mohammed III, who has his 19 brothers murdered.
23 July - The Spanish land in Cornwall and burn Penzance and Mousehole.

1596
June/July - Essex's success at Cadiz.
Death of Sir Francis Drake.

1597
Unsuccessful expedition against the Spanish under the leadership of Essex.
Second Spanish Armada is defeated by bad weather.

1598
15 April - Henry IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes which tolerates Protestants.
4 August - Death of William Cecil.
14 August - Irish forces defeat the English at the Yellow Ford on the Blackwater River.
13 September - Death of Philip II of Spain. Succession of his son, Philip III.

Other Events
End of the French Civil War.
Publication of Love's Labour's Lost, the first play published under Shakespeare's name.

1599
13 January - Death of The Faerie Queene author Edmund Spenser.
25 April - Birth of Oliver Cromwell, future Protector of England following the English Civil War of the seventeenth century.

Other Events
Essex is made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and sent there. He returns without the Queen's consent and is imprisoned.
Globe Theatre in London is opened.

1600
5 October - Henry IV of France marries Marie de Medici.
5 August - Gowrie Conspiracy in Scotland - James VI is seized by Lord Gowrie, but later rescued.

Other Events
English East India Company is founded.
Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, tried for misdemeanours after his return from Ireland.

1601
7-8 January - Essex Revolt against Queen Elizabeth I.
19 February - Essex is tried for treason.
25 February - Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, is executed.
20 November - Queen Elizabeth delivers her "Golden Speech".

Other Events
A force of 3,000 Spaniards arrive in Ireland to aid the Irish rebellion.

1602
English Fleet captures a Portuguese treasure ship. Small pox epidemic.

1603
24 March - Death of Queen Elizabeth I. James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England.






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