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Queen Elizabeth I Quote
Appleby Cottage

Appleby Cottage
By Frey Micklethwait



ELIZABETHAN HISTORY

ESSAYS / ARTICLES




Elizabethan Women of Appleby
By Alan Roberts


Only two Appleby women's inventories appear to have survived from the Elizabethan Age. They belong respectively to Elizabeth Mould, a yeoman's widow who died in 1564, and to Alice Bates, either a widow or possibly a spinster, who died in the Winter of 1579. Neither women are recorded in the Appleby register which in any event does not begin until 1570. Probate and register entries after 1570 confirm that the Moulds were an established Appleby family but there is no further mention of Bates in the parish in Tudor times and the family surname does not appear in the registers before the 18th century. The inventories are markedly dissimilar. Whereas Elizabeth's possessions are fairly typical of the goods of a farmer's widow, with evidence of kitchen furniture and food processing, farm animals and grain in storage, Alice's inventory lists in addition to the usual pots and pans and pieces of furniture a substantial wardrobe of clothing - items such as three red petticoats, an old pink gown and a flaxen smock, two russet aprons and a hat. The appearance of three yards of red cloth may indicate that Mistress Bates worked as a piece worker, a weaver or milliner, or perhaps she merely had an eye for "fashionable" clothes. It is tempting to think she was a young spinster, or even perhaps, an itinerant. Her obvious interest in her attire compares to that of a later 18th century Appleby inhabitant - Mary Stanton who died in 1742 also leaving behind a great stock of quilted petticoats, silk scarves, smocks, cloaks, handkerchiefs and coloured aprons.




1579 THE INVENTORY OF ALICE BATES 1579


A true Inventory of all ye apparrell and goodes of Alice Bates diceased in ye towne of Applebie made the ix daye of January 1578 in the presence of William Robinson and Jhon Petcher who weare praisers of her goodes.

Imprimis 7 sheetes

ixs

Item a bord stott

xiid

Item a sawser

iiiid

Item a kercheefe

viiid

Item ii cofers

iis iiiid

Item a brass pot

iis vid

Item a brasse pan

iis vid

Item ii pewter platters

iis

Item a medle gown

vis viiid

Item an old pinke gown

3s iiiid

Item an old medle gowne

iis vid

Item an old medle frock

iis

Item a red peticote

iiiis vid

a nother

iis vid

a nother

iis vid

Item an old flaxen smocke

vid

a nother

xiid

a nother

viiid

Item ii handkercheefes

xd

Item a flaxen kercheefe

xiid

Item a paire of stenes

viiid

Item ii russett aporns

xd

Item ii linnen apornes

vid

Item a hat

xvid

Item a kercheefe

viiid

Item a corse

iiiid

Item ii neckercheefes

xiid

Item iii yardes of red cloth

vis

Item in her pursse

xs

Summa totalis iii viis viiid

By us

Richard Mold

William Stanton

Jhon Spensar Exequitors





Text Alan Roberts, 2012
Images Frey Micklethwait, 2012




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