/ 1571 / 1572 / 1573
1575 / 1576
/ 1577 / 1578 / 1579
/ 1581 / 1582 / 1583
/ 1584 / 1585 / 1586
/ 1587 / 1588 / 1589
/ 1591 / 1592 / 1593
/ 1594 / 1595 / 1596
/ 1597 / 1598 / 1599
/ 1601 /1602 / 1603
February - Northern
Rebellion finally defeated completely.
January - James Stewart, Earl of Moray, (Mary Queen of Scots' half
brother and Regent in Scotland for her son) is assassinated.
February - Elizabeth is excommunicated by the Pope. (The Papal
August - The
Peace of Germain-en-Laye ends the third period of the French wars of religion
is introduced to Europe from Spanish America
January - The Royal exchange is opened.
Ridolfi plot to assassinate Elizabeth.
October - The Battle of Lepanto in which the great Ottomans that
had been threatening east Christendom over the past century, are defeated.
January - Thomas
Howard, Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for conspiracy in the Ridolfi
August - The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve, in which over 6,000
French Protestants are murdered. Provokes the fourth phase of the French
wars of religion
June - Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk becomes the first nobleman
of Elizabeth's reign to be executed for treason.
May - Poland elects its first King, choosing Henri of Valois. The
election was paid for by Catherine de Medici
July - Peace of Boluogne,
ends fourth phase of the French
wars of religion
February - fifth period of the French wars of religion breaks
May - Charles
IX dies, aged 24. He is succeeded by Henry III, who abandons the throne
of Poland, and returns to France. Poland is left without a king.
Burbage opens the first Theater in England, simply called "The Theater".
December - Suleiman
the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, dies after injuring himself
by falling in his bath. His son, Murad III becomes Sultan, and has his
brothers strangled in his presence.
November - Elizabeth refuses the sovereignty of the Netherlands.
December - Stephen Bathroy, Prince of Transylvania, is elected
the new King of Poland.
visits Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, at Kenilworth, amidst spectacular
May - Peace of Monsieur ends fifth phase of the French wars of religion
October - Holy
Roman Emperor Maximilian II dies, aged 49, and is succeeded by his son,
August - The
Peace of Bergerac ends the sixth phase of the French Wars of Religion
December - Sir Francis Drake sets out on the first English voyage
around the world.
March - James
VI takes over the reigns of government in Scotland, the Earl of Morton
resigning the Regency.
August - Sebastian
I of Portugal is killed in a battle in north-west Africa. He is succeeded
by Cardinal Henry
October - Don John of Austria dies of fever.
comes to England in an attempt to negotiate a marriage between Elizabeth
June - Proclamation to restrict the growth of London
August - Philip of Spain invades Portugal, defeat the Portuguese
army, and Philip is proclaimed
of Portugal as Philip I
September - Drake enters Plymouth Harbor after having circumnavigated
November - Peace of Fleix ends seventh phase of the French wars
of the famous architect Palladio.
missionaries arrive in England.
April - Francis Drake is knighted
Duke of Alencon, himself comes to England to further the negotioations
for the Queen's hand in marriage.
December - English
Jesuit Edmund Campion is executed.
November - Marriage treaty is signed between Elizabeth and Alencon
March - The attempted assassination of William of Orange, leader
of the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule in which he loses the ability
to speak through injury, and becomes known as William The Silent.
August - James
VI is captured by the English party while out hunting, and kept in captivity
until June 1583
October - Gregorian Calendar is adopted by Catholic countries,
and the 5 of October becomes the 15th
December - John
Somerville is executed for a plot to assassinate Elizabeth.
Irish rebellion is defeated
IV kills his son Ivan in a fit of rage.
of Orange accepts the sovereignty of the northern Netherlands
March - Death of Ivan the terrible (Tsar of Russa).
June - Death of Francis, Duke of Alencon
July - Assassination of William of Orange.
July - Francis Throgmorton is executed for conspiracy for a Spanish
invasion of England.
Bond of association is formed, in which loyal subjects of the Queen pledge
allegiance to her, and promise to avenge her murder if it takes place.
Walter Raleigh sales to Virginia.
Spanish Ambassador, Mendoza, is expelled from England
June - Elizabeth
again refuses sovereignty of the Netherlands
June - First English colony in America is established at Roanoke
August - Elizabeth issues a declaration that she is taking the
Netherlands under her protection.
September - Treaty of Nonsuch
English expedition to the Netherlands under the leadership of Robert Dudley,
Earl of Leicester. Start of the war with Spain as a result.
July - Treaty of Berwick, in which Elizabeth I and
James VI forma league of amity.
July - The Babington plot to assassinate Elizabeth and place Mary,
Queen of Scots, on the throne is revealed by Francis Walsingham
September - Anthony Babington and fellow conspirators are executed.
September - The battle of Zutphen
October - The trial of Mary, Queen of Scots, for her supposed complicity
in the Babington plot.
October - Sir Philip Sidney dies of wounds received in the battle.
October - Sentence
is pronounced against Mary Queen of Scots
King Stephen of Poland dies, and is succeeded by the son of the Swedish
February - Elizabeth
signs the death warrant of Mary, Queen of Scots
February - Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots at Fotheringay.
April - English attack Spanish fleet triumphantly at Cadiz.
August - First
English child to be born in North America, Virginia Dare, is born on Roanoke
August -Defeat of the Spanish Armada.
September - Death of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester.
April - Frederick
II of Denmark dies, aged 53, and is succeeded by his 10 year old son,
January - Death of Catherine de Medici
April - Francis Drake and Sir John Norris lead a campaign to Portugal.
July - Henry III of France is murdered.
April - Death of Sir Francis Walsingham
leads the English expedition to Brittany in an attempt to aid Henry IV.
severity against Recusants.
November - Death of Sir Christopher Hatton
College is founded by Queen Elizabeth.
VIII is now Pope.
Rose Theater is opened.
July - Henry IV changes religion to become a Catholic.
measures taken against recusants.
June - Christopher Marlowe is killed.
are temporarily closed.
March - Henry
IV crowned King of France
of a series of bad harvests.
William Allen dies.
February - Execution of English Jesuit, Robert Southwell.
voyage to Guiana.
January - Ottoman Sultan, Murad III dies and is succeeded by his
son Mohammed III, who has his 19 brothers murdered.
July - Spanish land in Cornwall and burn Penzance and Mousehole.
- Essex's success at Cadiz.
of Sir Francis Drake.
expedition against the Spanish under the leadership of Essex.
Spanish Armada is defeated by bad weather.
April - Henry IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes which tolerates
August - Death of William Cecil.
August - Irish forces defeat the English at the Yellow Ford on
the Blackwater River.
September - Deaths of Philip II of Spain . Succeeded by his son
of the French Civil War.
of Love's Labour's Lost, the first play published under Shakespeare's
April - Birth of Oliver Cromwell, future Protector of England following
the English Civil War of the seventeenth century.
to France led by Essex.
is made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and sent there. He returns without the
Queen's consent and is imprisoned
of Edward Spencer.
Theater in London is opened..
East India Company is founded.
Devereux, Earl of Essex tried for misdemeanors after his return from ireland
and sentenced to lose his offices at court
October - Henry IV of France marries Marie de Medici
August - Gowrie Conspiracy in Scotland - James VI is seized by
Lord Gowrie, but later rescued.
January - Essex
Revolt against the Queen.
February - Essex is tried for treason.
February - Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, is executed..
November - Queen
Elizabeth delivers her "Golden Speech".
of 3,000 Spaniards arrive in Ireland to aid the Irish rebellion.
Fleet capture Portuguese treasure ship
of small pox.
March - Death of Elizabeth I. James VI of Scotland also becomes
James I of England.
One: 1533 -1569
Two: 1570 - 1603