Who Was Who
DE QUADRA, DE AVILA, BISHOP ALVAREZ,
Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth, succeeding Feria. His writings to Spain, contained in the Spanish State Papers, are delightfully full of details on life in early Elizabethan England.
RADCLIFFE, MARGARET, Lady in waiting to Queen Elizabeth.
RALEIGH, SIR WALTER, (c.1554-1618) A courtier, soldier, explorer and poet. He was favoured by the Queen. He lost favour for a time after he got one of the Queen's maids of honour, Elizabeth Throckmorton, pregnant, even spending some time in the Tower, but was later restored to favour. He did not fare so well under James, however, and was executed in 1618.
RANDOLPH, SIR THOMAS, English envoy to Mary Queen of Scots.
RENARD, SIMON, Spanish Ambassador to Queen Mary. He was very much opposed to Elizabeth, and wanted her executed.
RICH, RICHARD, LORD, The husband of Penelope Devereux, sister to the Earl of Essex.
RIDOLFI, ROBERTO DI, (1531 - 1612) Catholic conspirator against Queen Elizabeth.
RIZZIO, DAVID, (c.1533-1566) A private secretary to the Mary, Queen of Scots, murdered by her husband, Lord Darnley.
ROBSART, AMY - see DUDLEY, AMY,
ROCHFORD, GEORGE, VISCOUNT, Anne Boleyn's brother. He was executed after having been falsely accused of having an affair with her,.
RUSSELL, ANNE, Lady in waiting to Queen Elizabeth, daughter of the Earl of Bedford, and later married to Ambrose Dudley, Earl of Warwick, brother of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester.
SALESBURY, WILLIAM, (c.1517-1600) Translated the scriptures into Welsh. This welshman was a staunch Protestant,, and supporter of the Reformation. In 1547, he published a Welsh-English dictionary, and in 1567, he collaborated with Bishop Richard Davies in translating the New Testament and Prayer Book into Welsh.
SEYMOUR, EDWARD, EARL OF HERTFORD, LATER DUKE OF SOMERSET (c.1506-1552) The brother of Jane and Thomas Seymour. He was made the Lord Protector of England in the reign of Edward VI. His brother's disgrace led to his downfall, and he was replaced by John Dudley.
SEYMOUR, JANE, (c.1509-1537) The third wife of King Henry VIII, and mother of Edward VI. She was sister to Edward and Thomas Seymour. She died giving birth to Henry's much wanted son. She is buried with Henry in Windsor Castle. See Seymour, Thomas.
SEYMOUR, THOMAS, BARON SUDELEY, Brother of Edward and Jane Seymour, and fourth husband of Katharine Parr. He was a courtier, soldier, and later Lord Admiral. He was ambitious, however, and jealous of his brother's position in the land. He plotted against him, and plotted to marry the teenage Elizabeth. His plans were found out and he was disgraced, and executed for treason.
SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM, Probably the most famous playwright that ever lived. His works include Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and A Midsummer Night's Dream.
SHEFFIELD, LADY DOUGLAS, Daughter of Lord William Howard. She claimed to have married Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, but her claims were never proved. Dudley always denied they had married. She was the mother of his only surviving son, also named Robert Dudley.
SHREWSBURY, GILBERT TALBOT, EARL OF, President of the Council of the North and Privy Councillor.
SIDNEY, SIR HENRY, Gentleman of the privy chamber to King Edward, husband of Mary Dudley, and father of Sir Philip Sidney.
SIDNEY, PHILIP, (1554-1586) Famous poet. He was the son of Mary and Henry Sidney, nephew of the Earl of Leicester. He died while fighting in the Netherlands. He was deeply mourned, and given an elaborate funeral.
SNAKENBORG, HELENA OF, Swedish noblewoman, Lady in waiting to Queen Elizabeth from girlhood, and later Marchioness of Northampton.
SOUTHWELL, ROBERT, (1561-1595) A Jesuit priest and poet, executed under Queen Elizabeth .
SPENSER, EDMUND, (1552-99) A famous poet. His works include the mammoth political allegory "The Faerie Queen".
STUBBS, PHILLIP, A Puritan pamphleteer and dissident.
STUBBS, JOHN, Wrote a pamphlet against the Queen's marriage to Alencon, for which he had his right hand cut off. He regained her favour somewhat in later years, and had a career in parliament.
SUSSEX, EARL OF, THOMAS RADCLIFFE, Soldier and Privy Councillor to Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth.
THROCKMORTON, ELIZABETH, Lady in waiting to Queen Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, and wife of Sir Walter Raleigh.
THROCKMORTON, FRANCES, Nephew of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. A Catholic conspirator, he was executed under Queen Elizabeth.
TYRRWHIT, LADY ELIZABETH, Stepdaughter of Katherine Parr, and her chief Lady in waiting.
TYRRWHIT, SIR ROBERT, Husband of Lady a Elizabeth. He interrogated Elizabeth over her conduct and involvement with Thomas Seymour. Elizabeth, though only 15 years of age, was more than able to match him.
VAVASOUR, ANNE, Mistress of the Earl of Oxford, and Lady in Waiting to the Queen.
VERNON, JAMES, Brother of Richard Vernon. A gentleman in waiting to Princess Elizabeth.
VERNON, RICHARD, A gentleman in waiting to Princess Elizabeth.
WALSINGHAM, FRANCES, Daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham, wife of Sir Philip Sidney, and later of the Earl of Essex by whom she had a son.
WALSINGHAM, SIR FRANCIS, (1532 -1590) One of the key figures in Elizabethan England. He gained the trust of Queen Elizabeth, and became her secretary of state, as well as Master of a very sophisticated spy network intended to trap traitors. It is arguable that he was very much responsible for preserving the Queen's life in the dangerous years of the 1580's. He was a diligent and conscientious worker, and had both the trust of William Cecil and Robert Dudley. Although Elizabeth did not always like his staunch Puritanism, she valued his dedication, and she affectionately called him her "dark moor".
WESTMORELAND, CHARLES NEVILLE, Catholic conspirator against Queen Elizabeth, fled abroad and died in exile.
WHITGIFT, JOHN, (1530-1604) Archbishop of Canterbury.
WRAY, CHRISTOPHER, Sir Christopher Wray was the judge who passed sentence on Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587. He did not go to the execution, however, as he was said to be ill at the time. It has also been said he was absent because he feared the reaction of Elizabeth I when she was told of Mary's death. (Information given by William Wray Dromeshauser)
WYATT, SIR THOMAS, Son of Sir Thomas Wyatt, the poet, courtier. He was executed for treason after leading a rebellion against Queen Mary. He protested that the rebellion was against her marrying the Spanish Catholic Philip II, but Mary's supporters believed that the rebellion was to crown Elizabeth.