Elizabeth I Facts
Born: 7 September 1533 at Greenwich Palace, London.
Full Name: Elizabeth Tudor.
Appearance: Golden red hair and brown eyes.
Parents: King Henry VIII (1491-1547) and his second wife Anne Boleyn (c.1504, executed 19 May 1536)
Children: The Queen did not have any children.
Marital Status: Never married.
Religion: Protestant (Anglican). Elizabeth was Supreme Governor (effectively head) of the Church of England (and Wales)
Ruling House: Tudor
Ruled: England, Wales, Ireland. Elizabeth was also titled Queen of France, as was traditional for the English monarch, but she did not actually rule France.
Accomplishments: Spoke several languages fluently, including Latin and French; played several musical instruments; excelled at horse riding and hunting; skilled in needlework.
1 Queen Mary I (1516-1558) daughter of Catherine of Aragon (1485-1536), Henry's first wife.
2. King Edward VI (1537-1553) son of Jane Seymour (c.1507-1537), Henry's third wife.
3. Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond (1519-1536), Henry's illegitimate son by Elizabeth Blount (c.1502-1540).
Main Childhood Home: Palace of Hatfield, Hertfordshire.
Governesses and Carers:
1. Lady Margaret Bryan (c.1468-c.1552).
2. Katherine Ashley (died 1565). She was great aunt to Sir Walter Raleigh.
3. Blanche Parry (c.1507-1589) Cared for Elizabeth as a little girl and was her confidante when she became Queen. She was cousin to William Cecil.
1. William Grindal (died 1548)
2. Roger Ascham (1515-1568)
Imprisoned in the Tower of London: Elizabeth was brought to the Tower by Traitor's Gate on Palm Sunday 1554 and imprisoned in the Bell Tower until May. Queen Mary and her advisors believed Elizabeth had conspired with the traitor Sir Thomas Wyatt (1521-1554) to seize the throne for herself and Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon (1527-1556).
Imprisoned Woodstock Manor: Elizabeth was confined here for a year after being released from The Tower of London. She was actually lodged in the Gate House as the Manor itself was dilapidated. Her keeper was Sir Henry Bedingfield (c.1509-1583).
Accession to the throne: 17 November 1558.
Coronation: 15 January 1559, Westminster Abbey.
Hampton Court Palace
Palace of St James
Palace of Westminster
(All these palaces, except Windsor Castle, were in or near London.)
1. Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (c.1533-1588).
2. Sir Christopher Hatton (1540-1591)
3. Sir Walter Raleigh (c.1552-1618).
4. Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex (1566-1601).
Most trusted Ministers of State:
1. William Cecil, Baron Burghley (1520-1598). He was Elizabeth's chief advisor for 40 years. The working relationship between Elizabeth and Cecil is the longest working relationship between monarch and minister in British history.
2. Sir Francis Walsingham (c.1532-1590).
3. Robert Cecil (1563-1612). He was made Earl of Salisbury in the reign of King James I.
Some important families of the time: